Barriers, Costs and Behaviour

BACE (Barriers to Accessing Care Evaluation)

The BACE measures barriers to accessing mental health care. It asks about 30 different barriers to care, and has a special focus on stigma-related barriers. It has a ‘treatment stigma’ subscale to assess to what extent the stigma associated with mental health care has been a barrier for an individual. It has good psychometric properties and is also being used in several studies around the world.

CODA (Costs of Discrimination Assessment)

The CODA has been developed to measure the economic costs than can arise due to the stigma and discrimination which people with mental health problems often face. The content of the CODA was based on a systematic review of the topic and on focus groups. The main sections of the CODA cover employment, health care use and avoidance, and leisure activities.

RIBS (Reported and Intended Behaviour Scales)

RIBS has been designed to assess and track mental health related behavioural discrimination among the general public. Several studies have demonstrated the significance and high prevalence of discrimination experienced by service users, emphasising the importance of assessing and documenting behavioural trends.

To access the key papers, manuals and language translations of the scales, please register here.